Facial Rehabilitation: Evaluation and Treatment Strategies for the Patient with Facial Palsy. Robinson MW1, Baiungo J.  Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2018 Dec;51(6):1151-1167

An International Collaborative Standardizing Patient-Centered Outcome Measures in Pediatric Facial Palsy. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2019 May 9  Butler DPDe la Torre ABorschel GH, et al.

Patient experience in nerve-to-masseter-driven smile reanimation.  van Veen MMDusseldorp JRQuatela O et al. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2019 Aug;72(8):1265-1271

The spectrum of facial palsy: The MEEI facial palsy photo and video standard set. Greene JJGuarin DLTavares J, et al.  Laryngoscope. 2019 Apr 25.

Emerging vs Time-Tested Methods of Facial Grading Among Patients With Facial Paralysis. Gaudin RARobinson MBanks CA et al. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2016 Jul 1;18(4):251-7.


Comprehensive facial rehabilitation improves function in people with facial paralysis: a 5-year experience at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Lindsay RWRobinson MHadlock TA.Phys Ther. 2010 Mar;90(3):391-7.

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Mara Wernick Robinson, MS, PT


University of Delaware

Bachelor of Science

MGH Institute of Health Professions 

Master of Science

Ionta Award Recipient 1996

Neurological Clinical Specialist

APTA Board Certification, 1998-2008; 2008-2018

Mara began working at the MEEI Facial Nerve Center in 2004, and has been instrumental in growing the Center’s Facial Rehabilitation program with Dr. Hadlock.  In addition to evaluating and treating all types of patients with facial palsy and synkinesis, Mara also lectures on Facial Rehab at the university level, as well as at the International Facial Nerve Symposium.  Additionally, she has published a webinar on Facial Rehab (  and teaches a 1 day instructional course at MEEI  for other physical, occupational and speech therapists. Prior to working at MEEI, Mara worked at MGH, specializing in neurological and pediatric disorders, and earned the Stephanie Maculuso Excellence in Clinical Practice Award in 2003.  Mara is a member of the Sir Charles Bell Society and Facial Palsy UK,  that are international groups of medical professionals dedicated to sharing ideas about the treatment of facial palsy.  Mara incorporates patient education, soft tissue mobilization, neuromuscular retraining as well as motivational strategies to improve function and quality of life for people who have been affected by facial paralysis.  Mara credits the team approach at MEEI to the success of patient  outcomes.